The Best Choice: Good Governance in Somaliland
Good governance is a method of government that is committed to creating a system formed in justice, peace and harmony that protects individual’s human rights and civil liberties. According to United Nation, good governance is measured by the eight factors of participations, Rule of Law, Openness, Consensus Oriented, Equity and Inclusiveness, Effectiveness and Efficiency, and Accountability. For the sake of seeking recognition, Somaliland leaders must instigate those traits, in order to have a good governance and recognition.
Participation is an important part of democracy and good governance. Participation recognizes all citizens no matter who they are. Particularly those most prefers the tribes, have direct or representative access to the systems of government. This reveals as a strong civil society and citizens with the freedom of association and expression. Participation is a significant part of democracy. The civil society role has been absent since Kulmiye party took power in somaliland. Moreover, in order for citizens to know what they require from their representative they need to be educated and aware of somaliland politics and constitution.
For a democracy to work smoothly in a country, citizens would need to vote on a leader that they believe will benefit them in many ways. That being said, citizens would need the proper knowledge to make that decision in the first place. It will show that participation is the best choice because it provides the most benefits for its citizens. I am going to argue that it does not only allow the educated on the topic to make the best judgement for a leader when voting, but non-institutionalized participation does not have to exist, along with participatory planning in Somaliland thriving much more due to moderate participation.
Rule of law is essential for good governance. It refers to a belief of governance in which all people of the country, institutions and entities, public and private that include the states itself are accountable to laws. It denotes that legal systems must protect the human rights and civil liberties of all citizens, predominantly minorities. This is charged by autonomous judicial branch and police force free from corruption. Conduct the election on time, tackle the corruption, respect the constitution, support the free speech, no one should be punished by the government, except for those who break the law. The law should apply to all citizens equally. Since the Kulimye party has been in power, all these aforementioned factors have not taken place.
Transparency outlines that all citizens recognize and have full access to participate and also take their own decisions without hindrance or any kind of intimations, specifically whenever they feel the government decisions would be affected directly or indirectly. Any government that includes somaliland has obligation to provide an information which is understandable and accessible format, at the same time, translates through the media.
Consensus oriented is established when a program occurred for conduct a place, and this would be relating some type of decision making. Decisions collaboratives are inventible whenever societies share a common need. One of the main obstacles that community face is when they share a common agenda. For example, every somaliland tribes have different needs, perspectives and expectations of its own. Somaliland government has obligation to facilities a consensus environment. The decision needs to be made in manner that reflects a deep understanding of cultural and social context of the tribes.
Equity and Inclusiveness is depending on safeguarding that all the members of the community feel authorized to improve or maintain their well-being, particularly the minorities and groups that are the most vulnerable. Somaliland has been marginalizing the minorities groups, especially the minority tribes such as Gabooye. The main reason that Somaliland election has not conducted on time would be the unfairness of the seat allocation to the minority’s tribes. In Somaliland, the minorities tribes had 13 seats in parliament in 1960 which the number of seats was 33. But after withdrawal the unity of Somalia, in 1993, Somaliland had reached an agreement which creates a new formula. That formula was to recognize the existing number of parliaments in 1960. Furthermore, they agreed to increase the number of parliament seats and they were multiplied 2.5 to the existing numbers (2.5×33= 82) and total became 82 members of parliamentary. In the current member of parliament, the minorities tribes have far less than the proportion.
Effectiveness and Efficiency is recognized through the effective use of resources to meet the needs of a society. The resource of the nation must be sustainable to guarantee social investments go through and natural resources are upheld for future generations. The current Somaliland administration failed to prove the efficiency and effectiveness for best use of the nation’s resources. Somaliland has been governed by oligarchy not only the current administration but also committed the previous government.
Accountability denotes the responsibility for what you do and able to give an appropriate reason. Every institution being eventually accountable to the people and one another including government institutions, civil societies as well as the private sectors, all being accountable to one another as well. Somaliland government must be accountable to its people and not other way around. The lack of the knowledge of accountability is wide spreader in Somaliland. The police commissioner, the supreme court, the auditor general, attorney general and more do not know to whom they are accountable for.
There is a relation between the good governance and public policy. The public policy is the main driver of its good governance “the diagnosing the quality of government through the ingredients of public policy arrangements is crucial to determining practical and sustainable strategies for approaching good government by John Ugaoni”. If any government fails or is not able to deliver the services needed by the vast majority of citizens, it would result in declination of the standard of living of the people. The Somaliland current administration has a mandate in the hands of the political and administrative leadership through public policy refers broadly to exercise of power through the nation’s political institutions, economic and social. It is clear evidence that Somaliland’s current administration failed public policy, as long as the botched the public policy, the good governance is disaster.
Good example, for the last 20 years, Somaliland police forces brutality would become widespread. Assaulting the media is becoming common especially in Hargeisa. Carelessness and indiscipline of the policy whether by high officers or law ranks policy officer become unimaginable. The somaliland police forces has been beating the people and behaving like authoritarian regimes forces. The Police needs to educate and those who do not fit the police forces qualities must be transferred to other government branches such as the farming, and fishing.