The USA senate finally passed the NDAA 2024.



(a) Sense of Congress.–It is the sense of Congress that–
(1) increased United States engagement in the Horn of
Africa and Red Sea region has presented an opportunity to
build and strengthen security cooperation with key partners
in that region;
(2) the Red Sea region includes a strategic maritime choke
point, the Bab-al-Mandeb Strait, which connects the Red Sea
to the Gulf of Aden, and is essential to support United
States national security interests, including countering the
flows of Iranian lethal aid to Yemen and facilitating the
free flow of commerce;
(3) security cooperation in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden
region is critical–
(A) to maintaining a de facto ceasefire in Yemen; and
(B) to furthering a political resolution to the Yemeni
(4) Somaliland, which has a port and an airfield in
(A) occupies a pivotal geographic location in the Horn of
(B) is adjacent to strategic maritime routes in the Red Sea
and Gulf of Aden; and
(C) could contribute to United States military objectives
given the evolving security situation in the region; and
(5) utilizing the port of Berbera as an access point to the
Horn of Africa would provide flexibility with regards to the
delivery of humanitarian assistance in the Horn of Africa
region and beyond.
(b) Defined Term.–In this section, the term “appropriate
congressional committees” means–
(1) the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
(2) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate;
(3) the Committee on Armed Services of the House of
Representatives; and
(4) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of
(c) Report.–Not later than 180 days after the date of the
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in
consultation with the Secretary of State and the heads of
other relevant Federal departments and agencies, shall submit
a classified report, along with an unclassified summary, to
the appropriate congressional committees containing an
assessment of the extent to which a sustained United States
Government presence in Somaliland would–
(1) support United States policy focused on the Red Sea
corridor, the Indo-Pacific region, and the Horn of Africa,
including the promotion of conflict avoidance and resolution;
(2) improve cooperation on counterterrorism and
intelligence sharing, including by–
(A) degrading and ultimately defeating the terrorist threat
posed by Al-Shabaab, the Islamic State in Somalia, and other
terrorist groups operating in Somalia; and
(B) countering the malign influence of the Iranian regime
and its terror proxies;
(3) enhance cooperation on counter-trafficking, including
the trafficking of humans, wildlife, weapons, and illicit
(4) support trade and development in the region;
(5) facilitate the distribution of humanitarian assistance
in the Horn of Africa; and
(6) counter the presence of the People’s Republic of China
(PRC) in the region, including by detailing–
(A) the PRC’s interest in access to port facilities in
Djibouti, Mombasa, Massawa, and Assab;
(B) the PRC’s role in fomenting unrest in the Sool region
of Somaliland; and
(C) the role played by the Republic of China (Taiwan) in
checking the PRC’s engagement with Somaliland.